British Columbia Environments

British Columbia is a large and diverse province, more variable physically and biologically than any comparable region in Canada. It spans 11 degrees of latitude and 25 degrees of longitude and covers 948 600 km2.  Mountains feature prominently in the geography, environment, and culture of British Columbia; so too does the coast, which is intricate in detail and dotted with islands throughout its length.

Generally speaking, British Columbia is a cool, moist, mountainous, forested region. However, the province also has areas with Mediterranean-type, semi-arid, subarctic, and alpine climates. It has extensive plateaus, plains, and basins as well as several roughly parallel series of mountains.

Forests dominate the vegetation but there are also extensive areas of grasslands, wetlands, scrub, and tundra. (Source: SFU Data Warehouse 2007)